The Roman Empire

Please let me know if there are any problem with the entrance survey.

Sections this week: Pagden, Mattern (ARES), and extra-credit assignment on the lasting influence of the Roman empire

 

re

753-c.510 The Roman Kingdom
510-31 The Roman Republic

500-450

beginnings of Roman republic; Twelve Tables of Law

400

Rome in control of central Italy

264-146

Punic Wars

167

initial conquest of eastern Mediterranean

146-133

decline of Roman republic

133-121

reforms of the Gracchus brothers

107-

increasing power of generals

106-43

Cicero

70-19

Vergil

46

Julius Caesar dictator

44

assassination of Caesar

31-476 The Roman Empire
27-284 The Principate

27

Augustus Caesar; rise of the Roman Empire

c. 4

birth of Jesus

35 CE

Paul converts to Christianity

101-106

Roman Empire at its greatest extent (under Trajan)

180

death of Emperor Marcus Aurelius; beginning of decline

313

Constantine legalizes Christianity

476

fall of Rome

Source: Stearns, World Civilizations

I. Republic and citizens
A. citizenship

B. slavery

games

 

II.  Roman expansion and crisis
A. reasons for expansion

consuls

Carthage/ Carthaginians (Punic Wars 264-146) > overseas empire

treatment of conquered peoples/ slavery

assumed superiority of Roman civilization

Cicero

cestus

extension of citizenship

B. crisis

social and economic tensions

rise and fall of Julius Caeser

civil war and the fall of the Republic

octavian

 

III.  The empire under Augustus [map]
Octavian (Augustus Caesar)

imperium

new institutions of empire:

tolerance for local autonomy (including many diverse religions)

military organization

systematic law


Trajan (101-106)

Marcus Aurelius (180)

 

IV.  The Roman model