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Awarded Through the Division of Sponsored Research

This article was originally published in the December 2003 - January 2004 issue of CLASnotes

Vouching to Quit

Smoking IllustrationSmoking is the number one cause of preventable deaths in the US, killing more than 440,000 people a year. Of the estimated 46.5 million Americans who smoke, 70 percent would like to quit, though few are able to do so. Psychology Professor Jesse Dallery, aided by a grant from the National Institutes of Health, has developed an innovative new way to help smokers kick the habit.

"You have to increase their motivation not to smoke," Dallery says. "The question is, what kind of incentive is powerful enough? If your health, the cost of cigarettes, the stains to your teeth and clothes isn't powerful enough, what will provide enough incentive for a smoker to quit? My research argues that if you deliver immediate incentives of a great enough magnitude, you can compete with smoking."

Dallery's answer is offering the smokers in his research study vouchers to shop online at Target, Wal-Mart, Barnes & Noble, Amazon, Gap, JCPenney, Best Buy, Chili's and many other vendors if they quit smoking and sustain cessation. The longer participants maintain abstinence, the greater the dollar amount of their vouchers. Once they have enough voucher money saved up to buy a product they want from any of the 21 participating vendors, participants simply submit a request to Dallery, who orders the product and ships it directly to their door.

Jesse Dallery"This is one innovative way to reach hardcore smokers," Dallery says. "The study is geared toward heavy smokers who have been smoking for a long period of time and really have no motivation to quit. These are the people who are not reachable through current treatment."

But for those chain-smokers out there who think they can walk away with the prizes and still continue smoking, think again. The study does not operate on the honor system. Dallery has designed a program that is virtually cheatproof. Using a carbon monoxide monitor, participants have to take a breath test every night under the watchful eye of a Webcam. They simply blow into the monitor—which calculates how much carbon monoxide is in their lungs—and show the results to the Webcam, which records the whole process. They then e-mail the video clip to Dallery. The whole process takes a matter of minutes and frees participants from traveling to the lab for time-consuming tests.

To participate in the study, individuals must have a long history of smoking—at least five years—with no successful quit attempts. They must smoke more than 20 cigarettes a day and have no intention to quit. They cannot be on the patch, Zyban, use nicotine gum or any other variety of smoking cessation aids. Dallery has conducted the study for the past four months, and many of the participants so far are hardcore chain-smokers, consuming about three packs a day. "To get any sustained period of abstinence with these people is pretty remarkable," he says. "And so far, it's working."

Dallery has received NIH funding to continue the study at $100,000 a year for two years. Once the results are in, he plans to research more economical ways to use incentives to help people stop smoking. He also wants to look at how using products like the nicotine patch and Zyban, along with incentives, will increase a smoker's ability to kick the habit.

Click to enlarge

Grant Totals by Month Grant Totals by Department

September 2003 Total: $2,805,221

Investigator

Dept

Agency

Award

Title

BURNS A F

ANT

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

1000

GRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM - COST OF EDUCATION ALLOWANCE

FALSETTI A B

ANT

MULTIPLE SOURCES

545

FEES FOR SERVICES INCLUDING FORENSIC WORKSHOPS & CASE ANALYSIS

WARREN M W

ANT

MULTIPLE SPONSORS

522

MISCELLANEOUS DONORS

BOWES G E

BOT

MISCELLANEOUS DONORSUNRESTRICTED DONATION

1000

MISCELLANEOUS DONORS

GORDON D R

BOT

NATURE CONSERVANCY

15714

TNC SPACE AGREEMENT

MACK M C; CARDELUS C

BOT

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

10000

MINORITY POSTDOC FELLOWSHIP 2003: DOES EPIPHYTE FUNCTIONAL DIVERSITY AFFECT NUTRIENT PARTITIONING AND RETENTION IN WET

SOLTIS D E; SOLTIS P S

BOT

PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY

448914

THE FLORAL GENOME PROJECT:ORIGIN & EVOLUTION OF THE FLORIDA GENETIC PROGRAM AND PHYLOGENETIC TOOLS FOR EVOLUTIONARY AND

TAKANO Y

BOT

FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY

111420

BOSE-EINSTEIN CONDENSATION OF MAGNON IN QUANTUM MAGNETS

EYLER J R

CHE

FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY

47500

"TRAVEL SUPPORT FOR THE FREE ELECTRON LASER—FOURIER TRANSFORM MASS SPECTROMETER FACILITY IN NIEUWEGEIN,NETHERLAN"

EYLER J R

CHE

NATL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH

28500

TARGET ASSISTED COMBINATORIAL SYNTHESIS

KATRITZKY A R

CHE

EXXONMOBIL CORPORATION RESEARCH & ENGINEERING COMPANY

13103

JOINT RESEARCH INTO CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF PETROLEUM(AMENDMENT NO. 1 TO AGREEMENT #57821)

KATRITZKY A R

CHE

EXXONMOBIL CORPORATION RESEARCH & ENGINEERING COMPANY

10483

JOINT RESEARCH INTO CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF PETROLEUM

KATRITZKY A R

CHE

EXXONMOBIL CORPORATION RESEARCH & ENGINEERING COMPANY

12579

JOINT RESEARCH INTO CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF PETROLEUM(AMENDMENT NO. 1 TO AGREEMENT #57821)

KATRITZKY A R

CHE

U S NAVY

196907

"SYNTHESIS OF ACETYLENES/DI-ACETYLENES, STUDY OF THEIR 1,3- DIPOLAR CYCLOADDITIONS WITH AZIDES/POLYAZIDES AND PREPARATIO"

KATRITZKY A R

CHE

EXXONMOBIL CORPORATION RESEARCH & ENGINEERING COMPANY

12055

JOINT RESEARCH INTO CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF PETROLEUM

KATRITZKY A R

CHE

EXXONMOBIL CORPORATION RESEARCH & ENGINEERING COMPANY

5241

JOINT RESEARCH INTO CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF PETROLEUM(AMENDMENT NO. 1 TO AGREEMENT #57821)

KATRITZKY A R

CHE

IMCLONE SYSTEMS

0

IMCLONE SYNTHETIC PROJECT

KATRITZKY A R

CHE

MULTIPLE COMPANIES

3250

SOFTWARE RESEARCH SUPPORT

KATRITZKY A R

CHE

MULTIPLE COMPANIES

964

MILES COMPOUND CONTRACT

KATRITZKY A R

CHE

MULTIPLE COMPANIES

496

MILES COMPOUND CONTRACT

KATRITZKY A R

CHE

MULTIPLE COMPANIES

272

MILES COMPOUND CONTRACT

KATRITZKY A R

CHE

MULTIPLE COMPANIES

272

MILES COMPOUND CONTRACT

KATRITZKY A R

CHE

MULTIPLE COMPANIES

272

MILES COMPOUND CONTRACT

KATRITZKY A R

CHE

MULTIPLE COMPANIES

3848

MILES COMPOUND CONTRACT

KATRITZKY A R

CHE

MULTIPLE COMPANIES

420

MILES COMPOUND CONTRACT

MARTIN C R

CHE

BROADLEY-JAMES CORPORATION

31751

SBIR/STTR PHASE I: MINIATURE REFERENCE ELECTRODE WITH ANINVARIANT LIQUID JUNCTION POTENTIAL

MARTIN C R

CHE

BROWN UNIVERSITY

49560

DIRECT NANOSCALE CONVERSION OF BIO-MOLECULAR SIGNALS INTO ELECTRONIC INFORMATION

MCELWEE-WHITE L A

CHE

AM CHEMICAL SOCIETY

5000

AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY DIVISION OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY FUND

REYNOLDS J R

CHE

PHYSICAL SCIENCES INC

39992

INTERFACIAL CHARGE TRANSPORT WITH ADSORBABLE PPRODOTS

SCOTT M J

CHE

U S DEPT OF ENERGY

130892

ADVANCED EXTRACTION METHODS FOR ACTINIDE/LANTHANIDE SEPARATIONS

YOST R A

CHE

IONALYTICS CORPORATION

90000

RESEARCH IN HIGH-FIELD ASYMMETRIC WAVEFORM ION MOBILITY SPECTROMETRY (FAIMS): ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE LASER DES......

YOST R A

CHE

FINNIGAN CORP

36000

FUNDAMENTAL & INSTRUMENTAL STUDIES OF GC/MS/MS ON THE GCQ

TURNER E R

HIS

U F FOUNDATION

10186

SAM PROCTOR FELLOWSHIP FUND

CHEN Y

MAT

MRI DEVICES CORPORATION

13279

"RESEARCH AGREEMENT BETWEEN UF & MRI DEVICES CORPORATION:MAY 12, 2003 - DECEMBER 10, 2003: PARALLLEL MRI ENCODING"

OPPENHEIMER D G

MAT

PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY

279496

THE FLORAL GENOME PROJECT: ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF THE FLORIDA GENETIC PROGRAM AND PHYLOGENETIC TOOLS FOR EVOLUTION

ANDRAKA B

PHY

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

125935

SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF UNCONVENTIONAL HEAVY FERMION MATERIALS

BISWAS A

PHY

FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY

115140

INVESTIGATION OF THE NORMAL STATE OF ELECTRON-DOPED CUPRATES IN HIGH MAGNETIC FIELDS

DORSEY A T

PHY

FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITYNAT HIGH MAGNETIC FIELD LAB

32092

MICROWAVE SPECTROSCOPY OF 2D ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS IN TILTEDMAGNETIC FIELDS

HIRSCHFELD P J

PHY

U S NAVY

61890

THEORY OF DEFECTS IN CUPRATE SUPERCONDUCTORS

MEISEL M W

PHY

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

8400

REU SUPPLEMENTAL - MAGNETISM OF QUANTUM SPINS IN LOWDIMENSIONS

MONKHORST H J

PHY

UNIV OF CALIFORNIA U C IRVINE

62701

RESEARCH FOR THE DIRECT ENERGY CONVERTER AND RESONANCE MODE OF THE P-11B PLASMA ENERGY GENERATOR

RAMOND P; SIKIVIE P

PHY

U S DEPT OF ENERGY CHICAGO OPERATIONS OFFICE

103503

TASK A: RESEARCH IN THEORETICAL ELEMENTARY PARTICLE PHYSICS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

BRADLEY M M

PSY

NATL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NIMH - MENTAL HEALTH

100400

THE CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF EMOTION AND ATTENTIONPROJECT 3

FISCHLER I S

PSY

NATL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NIMH - MENTAL HEALTH

23531

THE CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF EMOTION AND ATTENTIONPROJ. 4

FAIRCLOTH C A

SOC

U S DEPT OF VETERANS AFFAIRSGAINESVILLE VA MEDICAL CENTER

7018

RESEARCH SUPPORT SERVICES CONTRACT

HENRETTA J C

SOC

NATL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NIA - NATL INSTITUTE ON AGING

224292

FAMILY CULTURE AND INTERGENERATIONAL ALLOCATIONS

CASELLA G; DANIELS M J

STA

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

17500

NSF CONFERENCE IN THE MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES ON DATA MINING AND BIOINFORMATICS

EMMEL T C

ZOO

MISCELLANEOUS DONORSUNRESTRICTED DONATION

10000

MISCELLANEOUS DONORS

EVANS D H

ZOO

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

4000

INSTITUTIONAL ALLOWANCE: GRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM ALLOWANCE

EVANS D H

ZOO

MISCELLANEOUS DONORSUNRESTRICTED DONATION

1000

MISCELLANEOUS DONORS EXPENSE ACCOUNT FOR GRADUATE STUDENTS

HOLT R D

ZOO

UNIV OF MINNESOTA

296386

BIOCOMPLEXITY OF THE GREATER SERENGETI- HUMANS IN A BIOLOGICALLY DIVERSE ECOSYSTEM

This listing of grants is obtained from the Division of Sponsored Research in the Office of Research and Graduate Programs. While every effort to ensure accuracy has been made, mistakes sometimes happen. If you feel there is an error, please contact Greg Miller-House at gregmh@rgp.ufl.edu.

Credits

Writer

Buffy Lockette

Photos

Jane Dominguez

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